'Ardrey delivers a bombshell... fascinating stuff'
- Los Angeles Times

'A brilliant piece of detective work... enthralling'
- Scots Magazine


26th June 2016

From Tim Clarkson author of Scotland’s Merlin being a response to my post of 22 May.

In his book Tim makes a case for the original, historical figure behind the legend being a Christian not a pagan. He writes:

“Very briefly, my argument has two main strands:
1. I believe the idea of a pagan Merlin didn't begin to take shape until Victorian times, when W.F. Skene published his famous paper on the battle of Arfderydd.
2. I'm sceptical of the theory that Merlin's patron King Gwenddolau ruled a pagan enclave in the late 6th century AD. I simply don't see any solid support for elite-level paganism surviving so late among the Northern Britons, in either the textual or archaeological evidence. Again, I suggest Gwenddolau's supposed resistance to Christianity can be traced back to Skene's paper, which seems to have exerted a big influence on subsequent studies.
That's my argument in a nutshell. More could be said on these matters (as we both know only too well) but I'll leave things there for the moment.”

To Tim Clarkson


I do not think it matters a jot when the idea that Merlin was not a Christian first arose – what matters is whether he was or not.

I say in Finding Merlin that Gwenddolau was not a king and that it was because he was not a king that he needed an alternative title. That title was Pen Dragon – the leader of, the head of (Pen) the people of the dragon (who included descendants of the Roman Auxiliaries, stationed on Hadrian’s Wall, who fought under dragon banners).

1,500 years during which the Christians controlled the media – it is hardly surprising there is little evidence of any alternative to the Christians, but it is there, in Finding Merlin.

There are 12th c. records that tell of ‘Merlin’ standing on the Necropolis Hill, Glasgow, shouting down, across the Molendinar Burn  at Christian Mungo (both of these landmarks are still there) - because he was Mungo the Christian's enemy.

And of ‘Merlin’ being converted to Christianity just before he died  – they would say that wouldn’t they.

I use the formula ‘a man of the old way of the druids’ because ‘pagan’ comes with clear pejorative baggage because of centuries of disparaging Christian writings.

Skene used Ardderyd & Arderyth – I use the spelling Arderydd , which has for years been the generally accepted spelling.


15th June 2016

Orlando & Arthur and Merlin.

9th June 2016

Arthur & Moses

6th June 2016

Not a Sausage

5th June 2016 #2

History Deniers and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.

5th June 2016 #1

Supernatural-religious baloney

30th May 2016

The Battlefield of Glein

How a German scholar found the legendary Arthur's battlefield of Glein, after I had missed it when it was right under my nose.

22nd May 2016

Merlin the Christian!?

Fat chance.

19th May 2016

Merlin's Grave

Drumelzier-Dunipace in central Scotland not Stobo in the Scottish Borders and certainly not in England (Duh!)

19th May 2016

Merlin: A Medieval Legend and its Dark Age Origins by Tim Clarkson.

New book re Merlin in Scotland - something I have already proved - and re Merlin being a Christian - something I have already proved he was not.


Click on an image in the GALLERY to see it enlarged

The only image of an Arthurian battle-site (Bassas) is now in the Gallery. 

Images of Camlann (Arthur's last battle) and Avalon are in the Gallery. (Click on them to see them big.) 


Audio Book of Finding Merlin - Audible Books UK 2013.


The legendary Arthur is usually said to have been a Christian English King when, in reality, he was an historical figure, a man of the old way of the druids, a Scot and a warlord. Merlin too lived in history: he was the pre-eminent druid of the 6th century. Unlike Arthur, Merlin was too closely associated with the old ways of the druids to be Christianised and so he was 'made safe': he has been presented as an old, avuncular, somewhat scatter-brained figure.

Merlin’s twin-sister, the equally important Gwyneth, known as Languoreth (The Golden One), the Lioness of Damnonia and the Swan-necked Woman, was all but written out of history, simply because she was a woman. Typical!

For 1,500 years the Christian Church and its temporal partners-in-power deleted historical evidence and fabricated a legend that, literally, suited their book.

There is an alternative.

In the film The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) it was said, "When the legend becomes fact, print the legend."

The alternative is to print both.

-About the author

No one cares about anyone else’s family history (and quite right too): and so it was that when I was researching my family name, Ardrey, I looked where no one else had looked and found what no one else had found.

I already knew that the earliest reference to Merlin had him at the battle of Arderydd, fought on the Scotland-England border in 573CE, and that the very next year the historical figure Arthur Mac Aedan was based at the hillfort of Dunardry [sic] in Argyll.

Adam Ardrey is an advocate living in Glasgow, Scotland with his wife and three children. Finding Merlin is his first book.


Latest images

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30th March 2016

Name: D****
Email Address: l*****@aol.com

Message: ...I read your book Finding Arthur and loved it.

Thank you.


7th March 2016

Name: S****
Email Address: s****12*1@gmail.com
Message: I live in Finland. I bought a book called Finding Merlin - the truth behind the legend. And I read it. It was well written and it told so much details about that legend.

13th December 2015

Both my brother and I were excited to hear that you have been working on a follow up to Finding Arthur... Both my brother and myself look at the books you have written (and assume what you have still to publish) as being of value to Scottish history and standing in the world...
Saor Alba!

27th November 2015


Hello Adam:

My contacting you... is... [because] over the summer...[I had an] argument/debate I had with my brother over the some of the contents of Finding Arthur. We had both recently re-read Finding Arthur and had taken 2 different reactions to it.  My reaction was to your chapter concerning Camelot while my brother was intrigued by your closing chapter re the meaning and roots of Aryan and the mention of the runes on the island in the Baltic...Cheers and hope to hear from you soon.

P**** K****

(Questions asked and answered.)

24th November 2015

Name: M***** C**** C*******

Email Address: ***@m******campbell.com
Message: Dear Mr Ardrey, your book finding is very interesting...I spent many months on the Isle of Iona...During one summer trip I stayed for six weeks in the abbey and slept in a 8 ft square monks cell... Your book has given some interesting ideas regarding Arthur, Iona, and the Campbell's. I would be very interested to read what you know of the Druids of Iona...
Regards M******

California, USA

AA Full answers to several questions were provided.

3rd November 2015

From: R***** B**** [t****_*i@hotmail.com]
Sent: 03 November 2015 14:32
To: Adam Ardrey
Subject: query


As I was reading (for the 3rd time) Finding Arthur ...I find it interesting that there seems to be more people believing in a Scottish Arthur.

I would like you to know that I have been a real fan of yours since first picking up Finding Merlin.  I really like your logic; the lawyer/judge really shows through.  You had mentioned a Finding Camelot, any progress on that?

B** B****

[AA - This email came with a query - this query has been answered.]

29th October 2015


Another potential tourist




“I thought you had the most convincing argument on the [Expedition Unknown USA TV] show and it was interesting to see the area, especially the "camelot"… How far is the area that Arthur and Merlin inhabited from Cowal? [This question has been answered.]… If you were coming to Scotland and could design a sightseeing trip in the areas around Port Patrick and Cowal, where would you go and what would you see?... Lots of questions, any answers appreciated. [All questions answered.]



23rd October 2015 

Name: J****
Email Address: j****s******@gmail.com
Message: Hi Adam, 
I am a Scot living in the USA and I caught you on Expedition Unknown last night up Dunadd Fort with Josh Gates. 
I very much enjoyed hearing your opinions on the history... [Dunadd is] a very special place! 
I am very interested to read your books! 
All the best, 

2nd April 2015

From: USA p******_t*******@verizon.net


I cannot say how wondrously accurate Finding Arthur is… [this writer kindly said, I had done] great service in connecting everything together.


t April 2015

Name: K**** D**

Email Address:USA  k**9***@gmail.com
Message: I really enjoyed your book, Finding Arthur, it opened so much truth and history that has been missing to us for all these years. I also liked how in many of your conclusion you applied Occam's Razor, and it makes so much sense. Great research and thank you for uncovering the truth.

16th March 2015

From: A***** G**** f*******@idnet.com

Sent: 16 March 2015 16:55

Subject: Finding Arthur

Dear Adam Ardrey,

... I am reading your very interesting book...

16th March 2015

Name: c**** g******
Email Address: c******g******@mac.com
Message: Mr. Ardrey, I very much liked both Finding Merlin and Finding Arthur. Wikipedia has a lot of entries that need updating! Maybe that could be your next project.

(I wrote back to CG and said I did not know how to add to Wiki. but that it was a good idea.)

23rd February 2015

Name: K***** Y********

Email Address: k**********@juno.com
Message: Big fan of both your books. I've been intrigued by Arthur, Merlin and Grail legends for decades....
Thanks, again.


17th February 2015 (from Germany)


... your book helps to spread out the information on an Arthur from Scotland. The evidence is so proof that there is not any doubt about it...


11th February 2015

From - G****** S******* (from Brazil)

...I read your book finding merlin, and I'm sure : [it] is the best on the subject. I am a big fan of merlin and arthur among others, and I'm eager to see the films and arthur books to come.


10th February 2015

From I*** G*******

Cheers Adam!

I must say that I find your case for Arthur MacAedan compelling. I have quietly assumed that Arthur was Gododdin. But I find your proposed Cat Celydon confederates with Arthur as leader very logical. And of course your route to Tribuit takes us neatly to the old ramparts of Roxburgh which has many rumours of Arthur whistling about it! It would make aq great day tour from Edinburgh!


8th February 2015 


Hello Adam

I have just come across your site. How fascinating...


7th November 2014

Name: Ashley
Email Address: a*********@*****.com
Message: Hello Mr. Ardrey!
I have been reading your Finding Arthur, and have found it amazing! I enjoy many of the arguments you bring up. I have a huge interest in history, and must admit to a mild obsession with King Arthur... I agree that Arthur Mac Aedan was very probably the historical Arthur, but I do have a few questions about a few of your theories... 

[These questions were asked and answered.]

10th October 2014


Dear Adam

I have just been reading Finding Arthur, having been recommended to do so by P****** T*******, seanacchie for M*******.  S******* are connected to Clan M*******, with footsteps accordingly back to Dunardry, Dunnadd, and Ireland.

Finding Arthur has been an amazing learning experience for me, for the history, the stripping aside of the agendas and propaganda of early writers (while finding and pursuing the kernel of any contained truth), and also for your rigorous analytical skills in doing so.


 A magnificent read as well.,,


24th August 2014

Adam, finished "Finding Arthur", very, very good! Loved it. 

C**** A*****

30th June 2014


I just finished reading Finding Merlin yesterday and the day before, I ordered Finding Arthur which arrived last night. I just finished it tonight - couldn't put it down. Both of them are absolutely wonderful and very well worked out. An enormous amount of detective work and dedication.

I can see you are not enamored with the church and it's methods past and probably present and neither am I. So, I'd just like to say well done for speaking your mind on that front.

Can I ask one question? [this Q was asked and answered].

We should take a leaf out of the Church method of working and now flood the market with books about the Scottish Arthur! Only this time they will be factual.

Thanks very much for an excellent read.

Kind regards

R***** M*******


13th May 2014

Name: J***** K P***
Email Address: j*****kp***@gmail.com
Message: Hello, my name is J***** and I am very interested in your books and your research. I too am a Merlin seeker and scholar though my interests are a bit more magical that yours are I think :) I'm planning a UK pilgrimage for 2015 that should eventually turn into a book about my spiritual journey in the path of Merlin and I have added a lot of sites to visit that I hadn't know previously thanks to your book and blogs...
Thanks and keep up the good work!
J***** K P***
San Francisco, CA


29th April 2014


I finished the book last week. I really enjoyed it and thought that your arguments were very well presented and followed a logic that would be difficult to argue with. I have recommended the book to some of my Irish colleagues who have an interest in Irish history.



8th April 2014

Name: r** d*****
Email Address: r********00@gmail.com
Message: just read "finding arthur" - now need to locate a copy of "finding merlin" - fine job of grounding the arthuriad in the people and places of the times. "arthur" and "aneirin" being use names/nicknamesmakes perfect sense...

11th April 2014

C***** C****** S******

I am writing regarding the book, Finding Merlin. My 14 year old daughter recently checked the book out from our local library. She loves the book but found that the title is misspelled on the slipcover/spine. 
When she's done with this book she's going back for Arthur. 

[On the cover of the USA Edn. Merlin is spelled 'Merln' - a glitch got us - such is life. Adam Ardrey]

7th April 2014

D**** H*******

I'm finishing up Finding Arthur and I wanted to tell you that I love it. Re: literary triplets (269), this is a common occurrence in Native American tale telling and I suspect probably quite common in most oral traditions. Repeating important items three times is a way to effectively teach the listener.



24th February 2014

L**** on For Argyll (On-line news)

From someone who had read Finding Arthur -

"...all references to battles, place names, Iona and especially to Merlin, make such sense. It all seems obvious. I am now a firm believer that the real Arthur lived and fought in Argyll (as well as other areas in Scotland)..." 

Audio Book

22nd October 2014

From Italy

Name: G******

Email Address: g******.g******@libero.it
Message: Hi, I'm really interested in your books... above all in "Finding Merlin". But I'm afraid my English is not good enough to understand everything. So, here is my question: do you know if your books will be translated into Italian? Thanks, best regards, G******

I replied to G****** 22nd October 2014.

21st September 2014

From - j*****d*******@hotmail.com

Dear Adam,

...I have seen your excellent website, and looked at your books…amazing! Very well researched and presented! I wish you all the best in your work…a Scottish King Arthur! Well done!

Very best wishes 

J***** M. E**** D*******

29th January 2014


I was so pleased by your prompt... reply to my e-mail!... it is a rare rainy day here in southwest Florida... my husband and I have traveled to Glasgow, Edinburgh and the border country of Scotland several times over the years on pheasant "shoots" and love the country and the people.  J** was saying just last evening that we should travel back to Scotland and see a different part of the country (Argyll and the Highlands?)... J***

28th January 2014

D**** T*****

Email Address: dt******@yahoo.com
Message: I bought and read the new US edition of this book on the advice of our clan (MacTavish) association... I... did find a compelling and well-researched case for the historic basis of a real-life... Merlin of late sixth century Glasgow, and ample evidence that the real Arthur was a Manau Scot and not from southern England as the authors of conventional retellings of the legends would have it.
A masterful historical detective job, cutting through centuries of political and religious propaganda to unveil the truth behind the myths.
A must-read for Arthur, Merlin and Camelot buffs. 

24th January 2014

G*** W*****

"This was brilliant: "... the Old Way engendered individuality, and so disputation, both of which are good for humanity and bad for those in charge". I loved this book and am fortunate to have travelled to many of the Arthurian places in Scotland described in it."

3rd January 2014

Dear Mr. Ardrey,

I read Finding Merlin last year and have just finished Finding Arthur. Rather, I should say that I listened to them as I am blind and I rely on my Kindle Text to Speech facility. It struggles a bit with Celtic names but I was able to follow most of your arguments. I have long believed that any historical figure behind the Arthur legends was probably based in Scotland and I am delighted that your efforts have produced a viable candidate. I must say that your overall arguments have persuaded me that you are probably correct. I must congratulate you on such a difficult and well –argued investigation...

2nd January 2014

Name: E S******

Email Address: e******_s******@hotmail.com
Message: Reading your book at the moment very interesting. Take a look at assessment online concerning Knappers farm at Drumry near Clydebank. Excavated in 1937 and thought to be the miniature Stonehenge in wood, unfortunately the war stopped work and then it was destroyed by the building of the A82 road. Some of the items found are in Hunterian Museum.

2nd January 2014

Name: T** McG*****
Hi Adam. Got your latest book for Christmas and still in the midst of reading it. I have always been a bit 50/50 about Arthur MacAedan but I find finding Arthur very convincing. Your highlighting of Arthur being airbrushed out of history then rebranded for the Christian establishment really hits the mark and we can see modern parallels in the way the right wing establishments in the UK and USA constantly discredit and attack anything they see as being left wing through misinformation and downright subterfuge. Just shows, things don't change much. The template of Arthur's world is now starting to fit into its proper location thanks to the work of writers like yourself who are who are hacking through 1500 years of establishment b******. I must check out Dunardey next time I am up in Knapdale. 
Thoroughly enjoying your book. T**.

6th December 2013

... I totally believe in your hypothesis that MacAyden [sic] is truly the basis for the Arthurian Legand...Adam you won again...Keep writing man...
Happy Holidays.
California, USA.

24th November 2013

If you haven't gotten and read "Finding Arthur" you're missing out on one of the great detective stories of the times!

C****** S*****

Arizona, USA

22nd November 2013

Got the book yesterday and I am reading in my spare time...can't put it down. David Carroll sold me on a Scottish Arthur....and your book is right along those lines. Thank you for the hard work and research!

J**** R*******

22nd November 2013
Hello Adam;
...Just wanted to let you know that I just received 2 copies of the new book and can't wait to start reading.
I bought the second book to mail to  my brother who is as interested in this subject as I have become. It was my brother who introduced me to this topic by sending me a copy of the Merlin book. So we will have come full circle!
...I believe we need to get the message out that Scots history is not as basic as many believe, and I might even go so far as to state, our history was probably stolen from us...
... I will email you again when I have finished the book. I have a feeling I might have a couple of questions or observations.
... I am especially fascinated by the revelation of you having been able to pinpoint the locations of the 12 battles. If this is correct I think it could potentially change everything for Scotland and our history.


P**** K****

21st November 2013

Hi Adam
…I greatly enjoy reading history books... Your first book really interested me as I fish on the… water between Drumelzier and Dawyk and had never realised until reading your first book that any of the references to Merlin in the area had any veracity. The key thing in your books for me is the encouragement to get out there and have a look for yourself… your books have got me… looking at the landscapes differently.  My kids also love your books and we were recently on top of the Meldon Hills questioning why we have so little information on these places... your books are important as they provide a very different perspective to the hum drum stuff that's regurgitated in most books...  I also think that people should own up to where their perspectives come from - so again your writing is very clear on the different ways that people have tried to create a fixed story to meet their own ends. The exciting thing is that you have opened up so many different avenues - some of your arguments are more convincing than others but this is as it should be…

J*** D****



Finding Merlin

Finding Merlin is now available to buy online and in bookshops.

To purchase on Amazon click the link below.

Finding Arthur

Finding Arthur is now available to buy online and in bookshops.

To purchase on Amazon click the link below.

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